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Scott, B. F., A. J. Shultz, and K. J. Burns. 2023. The impact of habitat and migration on plumage colour in Cardinalidae. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. Lond. blad066.

McCoy, D. E., A. J. Shultz, J. E. Dall, J. A. Dionne, and S. Johnsen. 2023. The carotenoid redshift: Physical basis and implications for visual signaling. Ecol. Evol. 13:e10408. 

Richmond, J. Q., J. Kingston, B. A. I. Ewing, W. Bear, S. A. Hathaway, C. Lee, C. Swift, K. L. Preston, A. J. Shultz, B. E. Kus, K. Russel, P. Unitt, B. D. Hollingsworth, R. E. Espinoza, M. Wall, S. Tremor, K. Palenscar, and R. N. Fisher. 2023. Prioritizing the Risk and Management of Introduced Species in a Landscape with High Indigenous Biodiversity. soca 122:101–121. Southern California Academy of Sciences.

Terrill, R.S. and Shultz, A.J., 2023, Feather function and the evolution of birds. Biological Reviews 98:540–566.


Mychajliw, A., Ellwood, E., Alagona, P., Anderson, R., Balisi, M., Biber, E., Brown, J., George, J., Hendy, A., Higgins, L, Hofman, C., Leger, A., Ordeñana, M., Pauly, G., Putman, B., Randall, J., Riley, S., Shultz, A.J. Stegner, M.; Wake, T., Lindsey, E. Accepted. Lessons for conservation from beneath the pavement. Conservation Biology


Cooper, D.S., Shultz, A.J., Sekerciglou, C., Blumstein, D., 2022. Community science data suggest the most common raptors (Accipitridae) in urban centers are smaller, habitat-generalist species. Ibis.


A.J. Shultz, B.J. Adams, K.C. Bell, W.B. Ludt, G.B. Pauly, J.E. Vendetti. 2021. Natural history collections are critical resources for contemporary and future studies of urban evolution. Evolutionary Applications.

Bell, K. C., Adams, B. J., Brown, B. V., Ludt, W. B., Pauly, G. B., Shultz, A. J., & Vendetti, J. E. 2021. Museums Are Critical Infrastructure for Studying Urban Biodiversity. Bioscience.


McCoy, D. E., Shultz, A. J., Vidoudez, C., van der Heide, E., Dall, J. E., Trauger, S. A., & Haig, D. 2021. Microstructures amplify carotenoid plumage signals in tanagers. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 1–20.

Beltran, D.F., A. J. Shultz, Parra, J. 2021. Speciation rates are positively correlated with the rate of plumage color evolution in hummingbirds. Evolution 75(7): 1665-1680.


Cooper, D. S., Shultz, A. J., & Blumstein, D. T. 2020. Temporally Separated Data Sets Reveal Similar Traits of Birds Persisting in a United States Megacity. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 8, 251.


Price-Waldman, R., A. J. Shultz, Burns, K.J. 2020. Speciation rates are correlated with changes in plumage color complexity in the largest family of songbirds. Evolution 74(6): 1155-1169. Email for PDF.


Näpflin, K., L. Becks, S. Bensch, V. A. Ellis, N. Hafer-Hahmann, K. C. Harding, S. K. Lindén, E. A. O’Connor, M. T. Olsen, J. Roved, T. B. Sackton, A.J. Shultz, V. Venkatakrishnan, E. Videvall, H. Westerdahl, J. C. Winternitz, and S. V. Edwards. 2019. Genomics of hosts-pathogen interactions: challenges and opportunities across ecological and spatiotemporal scales. PeerJ 7:e8013.

Alfaro, M.E., Karan, E.A., Schwartz, S.T., Shultz, A.J. The evolution of color pattern in butterflyfishes (Chaetodontidae). Integrative and Comparative Biology 59(3):604-615. 

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Shultz, A.J. and Sackton, T.B. 2019. Immune genes are hotspots of shared positive selection across birds and mammals. eLife 8:e41815. PDF


Drury, J.P., Tobias, J.A., Burns, K.J., Mason, N.A., Shultz, A.J., Morlon, H. 2018. Contrasting impacts of competition on ecological and social trait evolution in songbirds. PLoS Biology 16 (1), e2003563. PDF.


Termigioni-Garcia, F., Jaramillo-Correa, J.P., Chable-Santos, J., Liu, M., Shultz, A.J.,Edwards, S.V., Escalante Pliego, P. 2017. Genomic footprints of adaptation in a cooperatively breeding tropical bird across a vegetation gradient. Molecular Ecology 26:4483-4496. Email for PDF.

Burns, K.J.*, McGraw, K.J.*, Shultz, A.J.*, Stoddard, M.C.*, and Thomas, D.B.*. 2017. Advanced Methods for Studying Pigments and Coloration using Avian Specimens. inM. S. Webster, ed. Studies in Avian Biology: The Extended Specimen: Emerging Frontiers in Collections-based Ornithological Research. CRC Press.

*These authors contributed equally to this paper

Shultz, A.J. and Burns, K.J. 2017. The role of sexual and natural selection in shaping patterns of sexual dichromatism in the largest family of songbirds (Aves: Thraupidae). Evolution 71:1061-1074.  Email for PDF.


Tigano, A., Shultz, A.J., Edwards, S.V., Robertson, G.J., Friesen, V.L. 2017. Outlier analyses to test for local adaptation to breeding grounds in a migratory arctic seabird. Ecology and Evolution. Doi:10.1002/ece3.2819. PDF.


Shultz, A.J., Baker, A.J., Hill, G.E., Nolan, P.M. and Edwards, S.V. 2016. SNPs across time and space: population genomic signatures of founder events and epizootics in the House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus). Ecology and Evolution. doi:10.1002/ece3.2444. PDF.


Edwards, S.V., Shultz, A.J., Campbell-Staton, S.C. 2015. Next-generation sequencing and the expanding domain of phylogeography. Folia Zoologica 3: 187-206. PDF>


Dierickx*, E.G. Shultz*, A.J., Sato, F. Hiraoka, T. Edwards, S.V. 2015. Morphological and genomic comparisons of Hawaiian and Japanese black-footed albatrosses Phoebastria nigripes using double digest RADseq: implications for conservation. Evolutionary Applications 8: 662-678. PDF.

*These authors contributed equally to this paper


Mason, N. A., Shultz, A. J., and K. J. Burns. 2014. Elaborate visual and acoustic signals evolve independently in a large, phenotypically diverse radiation of songbirds. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences 281: (1788) 20140967. PDF.


K.J. Burns, A.J. Shultz, P.O. Title, N.A. Mason, F.K. Barker, J. Klicka, S.M. Lanyon, I.J. Lovette. 2014. Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 75: 41-77. Email for PDF.


Shultz, A.J. and Burns, K.J., 2013. Plumage evolution in relation to light environment in a novel clade of Neotropical tanagers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 112-125. Email for PDF.

Burns, K.J., and A.J. Shultz. 2012. Widespread cryptic dichromatism and ultraviolet reflectance in the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds: implications of accounting for avian vision in the study of plumage evolution. The Auk 129(2): 211-221. PDF.


H.K. Snyder, R. Maia, L. D'Alba, A.J. Shultz, K.M.C. Rowe, K.C. Rowe, M.D. Shawkey. 2012. Iridescent colour production in hairs of blind golden moles (Chrysochloridae). Biology Letters 8(3) 393-396.


Shultz, A.J., M.W. Tingley, and R.C.K. Bowie. 2012. A century of avian community turnover in an urban green space in Northern California. The Condor 114(2): 258-267. PDF.

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